"After the reform is approved, we will witness the damages it causes rather than the advantages it produces."
The referendum in Italy will take place on the 4th December, and is expected to be affected by the current political context in the country. Voters are likely to decide their vote mostly thinking about its consequences, rather than thinking of the actual reforms a YES could hold. The resurgence of a nationalistic sentiment and the wish for greater sovereignty, both supported by the Italian populist parties like Movimento 5 Stelle and Forza Italia, find in the European Union the biggest guilty party and the cause of every political problem happening in Italy. They claim that any constitutional reform would steal sovereignty in favor of the European institutions. Against these positions, the PD (Democratic Party), as representative of Europeanism and the defender of the European political project, firmly supports the YES vote. The YES vote will come from the center and the left. However, leftist voters may change their vote after the Presidente del Consiglio´s personalization of the referendum. The victory by Renzi in the Referendum will not mean the rebirth of his own party. The country is now divided and the results of the referendum will surely be very influential for its future course.