“If ‘Yes’ wins, then Renzi’s Government will emerge strengthened by the referendum; if ‘No’ wins, the Government will be notably weakened and Renzi will present his resignation to the Head of State, President Sergio Mattarella”.
With only two weeks left before the Italian referendum, everybody has changed the focus to Rome. After Britain's decision to leave the European Union and the victory of Donald Trump, everyone is aware that the Italian referendum is a crucial point that will have both political and financial repercussions. Italian citizens are deciding whether or not they want to accept the constitutional changes proposed by Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. This reform introduces some important changes to the Constitution: “A farewell to perfect bicameralism, a Senate with less powers and above all less seats, the scrapping of some constitutional organs such as the CNEL and the reorganization of competencies of the State and the Regions”. To this whole group of norms people would have to say a “Yes” or a “No”. Then, if “Yes” wins, the Renzi Government will be strengthened to implement the reforms. On the other hand, if “No” wins, the Government will become weaker and Renzi will present his resignation to the Head of State, Sergio Mattarella. Moreover, Matteo Renzi has said he is not thinking of the possibility of a short-term Government that could enact the reform of the electoral law Italicum, so the country could participate in national elections with the new system. Therefore, all this would create a difficult situation for Mattarella to solve. At the same time, surveys show that at the moment “No” wins over “Yes”, by at least five points, although there are also a large number of undecided voters.