urope and the Americas are losing much of their mesofauna: bison, moose, wolf, bear, and lynx among others are losing ground. These losses, paradoxically, are coming by way of conservation. Many conservation sites maintain a “favourable condition” for a number of species, meaning the condition in which they were found or designated. This can be anywhere from a state of extreme depletion to scraps of what was once a dynamic and flourishing ecosystem. Nature reserves are often kept in this state through intervention. Cutting trees and allowing grazing by domestic animals which would not regularly occur. Through rewilding- a mass restoration of ecosystems- there is an opportunity to reverse the destruction of the natural world. Reintroducing missing animals and plants, taking down fences, blocking drainage ditches are all a part of the rewilding process. Several rewilding programmes in Europe (Trees For Life in Scotland, Wales Wild Land Foundation) are already beginning to show how nature responds when human loosens it’s grip. One estimate shows that two thirds of the previously forested parts of the US have reforested, as farming and logging industries have retreated. What rewilding offers is a chance for positive environmentalism. Nature has a way of returning to the state of which it began, and humans can either help in that process or hold it back.
From the top of the food chain down: Rewilding our world – George Monbiot || TED-Ed